Gum disease, an invisible dental problematic.

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Well…. it´s time to talk about one of the dental subject, that cause a lot of uncomfortable symptoms and is the principal cause of tooth loss.

  • Do you present stinging, burning or painful gums?
  • Your gum bleeds while eating, brushing or flossing?
  • Bad Breath?
  • Recession or your dental roots are visible?
  • Teeth sensitivity?
  • Your teeth present mobility?
  • Swollen, red or irritated gum tissues?

Have you answered, yes, to three or more?? You probably present gum problems, so we highly recommend to look up to your local dentist or dental hygienist.

What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease are mainly the results of infections and inflammation of the gums and bone that surround and support the teeth, but people usually don’t show signs of gum disease until they are in their 30´s or 40´s.

But what cause periodontal disease?

Bacteria in the mouth infect tissue surrounding the tooth, causing inflammation around the tooth leading to periodontal disease. When bacteria stay on the teeth long enough, they form a film called plaque, which eventually hardens to tartar, also called calculus. Tartar build-up can spread below the gum line, which makes the teeth harder to clean. Then, only a dental health professional can remove the tartar and stop the periodontal disease process

Does any factor would increase the risk of suffering periodontal disease?

Yes, they are certain factors that increase the possibility of suffering periodontal disease. As smoking, diabetes, poor oral hygiene, stress, heredity, crooked teeth, medications and dry mouth. Female hormonal changes, such as with pregnancy or the use of oral contraceptives increase the risk of periodontal disease.

The American Academy of Periodontology (AAP), established the following classification:

  1. Healthy Mouth: Clinical Findings includes: pink and firm gums, no bone loss, 0-3 mm sulcus, no bleeding on probing.
  2. Gingivitis: Clinical Findings includes: NOT bone loss, presents plaque and calculus, red and swollen gums, bleeding on probing, up to 4mm pockets. Gingivitis is a gum condition can be treated and is reversible. Sometimes a deep cleaning maybe required if you do not floss or have not seen a dentist in a regular time 6 months.
  3. Slight Chronic Periodontitis: Clinical Findings: Bone loss and slight clinical attachment loss, present plaque and calculus, bleeding on probing, present pockets form 4-6mm. The treatment typically requires scaling and root planning, medications and sometime surgical procedures will be necessary.
  4. Moderate Chronic Periodontitis: Clinical Findings: moderate bone loss and clinical attachment loss, loose teeth, red and swollen gums, plaque and calculus present, moderate root exposure and include 5-6mm pockets. The patient treatment typically requires scaling and root planning. Some teeth may not respond to this treatment and a referral to a periodontist is indicated.
  5. Advanced Periodontitis (Irreversible): Clinical Findings: Severe Bone loss, severe root exposure and loose teeth. Red and swollen gums, pus present, plaque and calculus present and include 6mm or greater gum pockets. The periodontist will manage this case due the natural bone levels.

Gum Disease and Tooth Loss

As mentioned above the different stages of periodontal disease, in the last stages of periodontal disease teeth can be loose and eventually fall out or require the removal due the bone infection that’s causing.

If you do lose a tooth or teeth, we can discuss replacement options. After treating underlying health issues, we may be able to place a dental implant, which provides a strong and lifelike solution to missing teeth. We can even place multiple ones to provide a bridge or denture using US Quality and saving up to 50%. At Star Dental, Dr. Carlos Sevilla and our team can treat underlying health issues related to your tooth loss. Contact us today.